Law is the system of rules that a society or government develops in order to deal with crime, business agreements and social relationships. It also refers to the people who work in this system, including lawyers and judges.
The goal of law is to help ensure a safe and peaceful society. It also protects the rights of individuals and makes sure that everyone follows the same rules.
Public law – A set of laws made by a government, which citizens must follow or face punishment for breaking. This includes the laws about not stealing, for example.
Criminal law – A special set of laws that deal with crimes. This includes petty theft and murder.
Property law – Laws that determine people’s rights and duties towards their property. This includes both tangible (real estate and other possessions) and intangible property, such as bank accounts and shares of stock.
Procedure – The rules for conducting a lawsuit; there are rules of civil, criminal, evidence, bankruptcy, and appellate procedure.
Precedent – A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to the dispute currently before a court, usually accepted as binding law, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
The law is a complex system of rules that society or a government develops in order to deal with crime, contracts, and social relationships. It also refers to people who work in this system, including lawyers, judges, and public defenders.