What Is Religion?

Religion is a category of human phenomena with a genus and species that distinguish it from all other categories of phenomena in terms of its intensity and comprehensiveness. Its genus is VALUE, and it has a specific characteristic of valuation that makes it stand out from all other forms of valuation: it is the most intense and the most comprehensive method of valuation that humans experience.

Religious values are based on the belief that there are important, worthwhile, or essential goals in life that are attainable only by means of the religious system. These may be proximate goals that can be attained within this lifetime (a wiser, more fruitful, more charitable, or successful way of living), or they may be ultimate, and have to do with the condition of this or any other human being after death, and even of the cosmos itself.

It is for the sake of these aims that religions provide the context in which sanctions and rewards, approval and disapproval, inspiration and ideation are held in common. Religions, as a result, become a place of security in which people are given the confidence to explore and discover their own potentialities. This exploration of human possibility is known as somatic exploration, and it is a very important part of what religions do.

The most obvious and widespread form of religion is organized Christianity. This includes a number of denominations and movements, including Protestantism, Catholicism, the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Anglican Communion. The vast majority of Christians follow a version of the Christian Bible called the New Testament.